Your Seasonal Affective Disorder Questions Answered
The leaves are changing, the days are getting shorter; Autumn is in full swing which means winter is right around the corner. For many, the colder months are a dream with pumpkin carving, Christmas caroling, and winter sports. But for those with Season Affective Disorder (SAD), the fall and winter months can be a nightmare. Luckily, we have sat down to answer any questions you might have about you or your loved one’s SAD:
What is SAD?
Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that comes and goes with the seasons, which for most flares up in the late fall and/or early winter and typically diminishes during the spring and summer months. While it is typical for these depressive episodes to occur in the fall and winter months, they can occur in summer months but are much less common.
What are the symptoms?
The majority of SAD symptoms are the same as major depression with an emphasis on symptoms such as:
- Having low energy
- Weight Gain
- Craving for carbohydrates
- Social withdrawal (feel like “hibernating”)
What are the risk factors?
There are several different risk factors that can increase the chance of being diagnosed with SAD such as:
- Being female – between 60% and 90% of those affected with SAD are women
- Living far from the equator – SAD appears to be more common among people who live far north or south of the equator. This may be due to decreased sunlight during the winter and longer days during the summer months.
- Family history – people with SAD may be more likely to have blood relatives with SAD or another form of depression.
- Having depression or bipolar disorder – symptoms of depression may worsen seasonally if you have one of these conditions.
What are the causes?
Though causes are unknown at this time, research has found biological cues such as:
- People with SAD may have trouble regulating serotonin
- People with SAD may overproduce the hormone melatonin
- People with SAD may produce less Vitamin D
What are the treatments?
There are three different types of treatments used for SAD:
- Medication – antidepressants are effective for those dealing with SAD, especially the more intense symptoms. The medication route requires patience and lots of consulting with your doctor.
- Light Therapy – this technique exposes those with SAD to bright, artificial light producing similar effects to natural light, triggering chemicals in the brain to help regulate mood.
- Psychotherapy – a psychotherapist can help identify patterns in negative thinking and behavior that impact depression, teach positive ways of coping and introduce relaxation techniques to get you back on track!
If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of SAD, Coplin Health Systems is equipped and ready to treat you and get you back to feeling like your very best self.
February 1, 2018
Coplin Welcomes Pediatric Physician
Dr. Cathy A. Dailey has joined our primary care staff as a pediatric physician. She is now seeing patients 18 and under at Parkersburg Family Care.
March 1, 2018
New Family Care Facility Opens in Parkersburg
Coplin Health Systems has opened a second family care clinic at 3705 Emerson Square in Parkersburg. For information, call 304.917.3530.
August 29, 2018
Coplin Health Systems Announces Departure of CEO, Derek Snyder, and Selection of Interim CEO
Coplin Health Systems and its Board are announcing that, effective September 7th, Derek Snyder, its CEO is departing the organization.